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Protection and promotion of investments

Intending to promote its developmental goals, the UAE concluded 78 BIT, with most of its trade partners, these agreements aim to:

  • Protect investments from all non-commercial risks like nationalization, expropriation, sequestration and freezing

  • Allow the establishment of investments and licensing such investments

  • Confirm the free transfer of profits and other returns in a freely transferable currency

  • Granting national treatment in accordance with the laws enforce in the State, and the most favored nation treatment, with respect to management, maintenance and expansion of investments

  • Fair and prompt compensation for the investor in the case of expropriation of his investment for the purpose of public interest, in accordance with the law and without discrimination, the compensation should amount to the fair market value on the investment before the expropriation

  • Set the dispute settlement procedures between the investor and the State

    • Amicable solution

    • Local courts or international arbitration

Country List / Protection and Promotion of Investments Agreements

No Country Final Sign Ministerial Decree Federal Decree Date of Decree Issuance Entry into force
1 Egypt 11/5/1997 (110/6) 1997 (34) 1998 2/3/1998 13/1/1999
2 Algeria 24/4/2001 (319/8) 2001 (27) 2002 3/6/2002 17/8/2002
3 Yemen 13/2/2001 (270/8) 2001 (75) 2001 25/8/2001 28/1/2004
4 Tunisia 15/4/1996 (259/12) 1996 (24) 1997 24/2/1997 8/3/1997
5 Morocco 9/2/1999 (118/9) 1999 (89) 1999 26/9/1999 3/4/2002
6 Sudan 18/2/2001 (345/8) 2001 (4) 2002 5/2/2002 3/4/2002
7 Syria 26/11/1997 (541/9) 1998 (31) 1999 16/2/1999 10/1/2001
8 Lebanon 17/5/1998 (307/15) 1998 (105) 1998 25/10/1998 8/7/1999
9 Pakistan 5/11/1995 (69/13) 1996 (37) 1996 17/6/1996 2/12/1997
10 Korea 9/6/2002 (472/6) 2003 (24) 2004 27/4/2004 15/6/2004
11 Malaysia 11/10/1991 (561/4) 1991 (24) 1992 25/3/1992 30/8/1992
12 China 1/7/1993 (261/6) 1993 (36) 1994 12/4/1994 28/9/1994
13 Ukraine 21/1/2003 (181/8) 2003 (12) 2004 28/2/2004 18/9/2003
14 Belarus 27/3/2000 (299/8) 2000 (1) 2001 2/1/2001 28/9/1994
15 Turkmenistan 9/6/1998 (420/27) 1999 (109) 1999 24/11/1999 17/3/2006
16 Romania 11/4/1993 (61/12) 1995 (3) 1996 9/1/1996 7/4/1996
17 Tajikistan 17/12/1995 (433/7) 1999 (15) 2000 29/1/2000 27/3/2000
18 Mongolia 21/2/2001 (492/5) 2001 (71) 2002 19/11/2002 15/1/2003
19 Austria 17/6/2001 (422/5) 2001 (26) 2002 3/6/2002 1/9/2002
20 Poland 31/1/1993 (104/6) 1993 (6) 1994 29/1/1994 8/2/1994
21 Germany 21/6/1997 (193/14) 1997 (35) 1998 2/3/1998 3/4/1998
22 Finland 12/3/1996 (223/9) 1996 (22) 1997 24/2/1997 5/4/1997
23 Italy 22/1/1995 (84/6) 1995 (63) 1995 20/11/1995 29/4/1997
24 Czech 23/11/1994 (12/12) 1995 (59) 1995 20/11/1995 19/7/1995
25 France 9/9/1991 (80/5) 1992 (35) 1992 27/4/1992 1/3/1993
26 Belgium–Luxembourg Economic Union 8/3/2004 (527/9) 1996 (11) 2005 29/1/2005 22/11/2007
27 Sweden 10/11/1999 (583/22) 1999 (32) 2000 21/3/2000 5/6/2000
28 Azerbaijan 20/11/2006 (333/4) 2006 (40) 2007 30/4/2007 17/7/2007
29 Turkey 28/9/2005 (584/5) 2005 (11) 2006 7/3/2006 24/7/2011
30 Britain (UK) 8/12/ 1992 (8/8) 1993 (26) 1993 25/7/1993 15/12/1993
31 Switzerland 3/11/1998 (13/13) 1999 (61) 1999 18/5/1999 16/8/1999
32 Uzbekistan 26/10/2007 (8/8) 2008 (33) 2008 22/4/2008 27/3/2011
33 Vietnam 16/2/2009 (318/9) 2009 (78) 2009 11/10/2009 11/5/2010
34 Jordan 15/4/2009 (333/8) 2009 (118) 2009 16/12/2009 19/2/2010
35 Russia 28/6/2010 )108/5 10) 2013 (78) 2013 20/6/2013 19/8/2013
36 Bangladesh 17/1/2011 (222/11/21) 2011 (18) 2012 2/2/2012 5/5/2013
37 Estonia 20/4/2011 (287/13/23) 2011 (29) 2012 26/2/2012 21/3/2012
38 Singapore 24/6/2011 (21/1/21) 2012 (34) 2012 8/4/2012 17/5/2012
39 Guinea 13/11/2011 (91/4/12) 2012 (49) 2012 21/5/2012 22/7/2014
40 Portuguese 19/11/2011 (69/3/10) 2012 (52) 2012 21/5/2012 4/7/2012
41 Montenegro 26/3/2012 (197/9/13) 2012 (117) 2012 30/12/2012 1/3/2013
42 Serbia 17/2/2013 (147/5 /18) 2014 (129) 2014 20/11/2014 25/12/2014
43 Benin 4/3/2013 (14/1 /14) 2014 (48) 2014 4/5/2014
44 Netherlands 26/11/2013 (146/5 /17) 2014 (128) 2014 20/11/2014
45 India 12/12/2013 (71/2 /38) 2014 (74) 2014 23/7/2014 30/8/2014
46 Greek 6/5/2014 (8/1 /8) 2015 (36) 2015 25/3/2015 7/3/2016
47 Kenya 23/11/2014 (123/5 /10) 2015 (103) 2015 3/11/2015 5/6/2017
48 Kyrgyzstan 7/12/2014 (199/8 /7) 2015 (157) 2015 7/12/2015 5/1/2016
49 Thailand 23/2/2015 (59/3 /12) 2016 (135) 2016 16/10/2016 16/12/2016
50 Comoro Islands 26/3/2015 (67/4 /15) 2016 (139) 2016 16/10/2016 29/11/2017
51 Andorra 28/7/2015 (59/4 /7) 2016 (167) 2016 1/11/2016 1/8/2017
52 Mauritius 20/9/2015 (65/4 /13) 2016 (136) 2016 16/10/2016 28/12/2017
53 Belize 1/10/2015 (12/6 ) 2016 (229) 2016 29/11/2016 24/10/2017
54 Albania 15/10/2015 (13/6 ) 2016 (215) 2016 29/11/2016 17/2/2017
55 Mauritania 21/10/2015 (63/4 /11) 2016 (141) 2016 16/10/2016 4/12/2016
56 Senegal 22/10/2015
57 Nigeria 18/1/2016 (5/1 ) 2017 (38) 2017 16/4/2017
58 The United Mexican States 19/1/2016 (8/1 ) 2017 (36) 2017 16/4/2017 3/10/2017
59 Kosovo 20/5/2016 (4/1 ) 2017 (37) 2017 16/4/2017 3/6/2017
60 Armenia 22/7/2016 (7/1 ) 2017 (35) 2017 16/4/2017 21/11/2017
61 Slovak 22/9/2016 (18/7 ) 2017 (161) 2017 25/10/2017 5/2/2018
62 Antigua and Barbuda 10/10/2016 (9/9 ) 2017 (7) 2018 8/1/2018
63 Equatorial Guinea 19/10/2016 (15/5 ) 2017 (60) 2017 31/5/2017
64 Saint Kitts and Nevis 24/11/2016 (10/10 ) 2017 (52) 2018 18/2/2018
65 Ethiopia3/12/2016 (11/9 ) 2017 (8) 2018 8/1/2017
66 Paraguay 16/1/2017 (6/11 ) 2017
67 Burundi 6/2/2017 (5/11 ) 2017
68 Angola 5/4/2017 (4/11 ) 2017
69 Moldova 10/7/2017 (5/1 ) 2018
70 Georgia 17/7/2017 (11/10 ) 2017 (50) 2018 18/2/2018
71 Cambodia 27/7/2017 (5/12 ) 2017
72 Costa Rica 3/10/2017
73 Maldives 17/10/2017 (6/12 ) 2017
74Uganda 1/11/2017
75Rwanda1/11/2017
76 Colombia 12/11/2017
77 Panama 28/2/2018
78 Mali 06/03/2018

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