In 2010, the United States enacted FATCA to increase income tax reporting by US taxpayers on assets held in offshore accounts and through “Non-US Entities”. FATCA imposes new reporting and withholding obligations on foreign financial institutions and certain other foreign persons which must be complied with in order to avoid a 30 percent US withholding tax on certain US-source payments and “passthru” payments that such non-US persons receive.
The United Arab Emirates (“UAE”) has been signed Model 1 B IGA on 17 June 2015.
A copy of the IGA is available here.
The UAE FATCA Guidelines can be found here.
Unregulated Entities FATCA Registration Form can be found here.
FATCA Reporting Deadline for the Reporting Year 2016 is 15 June 2017.
The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes is the multilateral framework within which work on transparency and exchange of information for tax purposes has been carried out by both OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) and non-OECD economies since 2000.
In the context of the financial crisis that developed in 2008, the G20 called for actions against non-cooperative jurisdictions, including tax havens.
Since its restructuring in 2009, the Global Forum has become the key international body working on the implementation of the international standards on tax transparency.
The Global Forum ensures that the high standards of transparency and exchange of information for tax purposes are in place around the world through its monitoring and peer review activities.
There are two internationally agreed standards on exchange of information for tax purposes:
- Exchange of Information on Request (EOIR)
- Automatic Exchange of Information (AEOI).
In 2013, the G20 endorsed AEOI, followed up by the approval of Common Reporting Standard (CRS) in 2014. The global model of automatic exchange of information has been drafted with respect to financial account information.
CRS has been designed to maximize efficiency and reduce costs for financial institutions and draws its approach extensively from the FATCA implementation.
CRS as a reporting regime covers a broad scope across three dimensions:
- The scope of financial information reported.
- The scope of account holders subject to reporting.
- The scope of financial institutions required to report.
The UAE has committed to implement the CRS, with the first exchange to take place by September 2018.
The UAE CRS Guidelines can be found here.
More information on the CRS can be found here.
Page last updated
6/1/2017 2:34 PM